So You’ve Bought MANAGEMENT… Now What?

The world generates 2.01 billion tonnes of municipal solid waste annually, with at least 33 percent of that—extremely conservatively—not managed in an environmentally safe manner. Worldwide, waste generated per person per day averages 0.74 kilogram but ranges widely, from 0.11 to 4.54 kilograms. Though they only account for 16 percent of the world’s population, high-income countries generate about 34 percent, or 683 million tonnes, of the world’s waste.

When looking forward, global waste is expected to grow to 3.40 billion tonnes by 2050, more than double population growth over the same period. Overall, there is a positive correlation between waste generation and income level. Daily per capita waste generation in high-income countries is projected to increase by 19 percent by 2050, compared to low- and middle-income countries where it is expected to increase by approximately 40% or more. Waste generation initially decreases at the lowest income levels and then increases at a faster rate for incremental income changes at low income levels than at high income levels. The total quantity of waste generated in low-income countries is expected to increase by more than three times by 2050. The East Asia and Pacific region is generating most of the world’s waste, at 23 percent, and the Middle East and North Africa region is producing the least in absolute terms, at 6 percent. However, the fastest growing regions are Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, and the Middle East and North Africa, where, by 2050, total waste generation is expected to more than triple, double, and double respectively. In these regions, more than half of waste is currently openly dumped, and the trajectories of waste growth will have vast implications for the environment, health, and prosperity, thus requiring urgent action.

Projected waste generation, by region (millions of tonnes/year)

Projected waste generation, by region (millions of tonnes/year)
Waste collection is a critical step in managing waste, yet rates vary largely by income levels, with upper-middle- and high-income countries providing nearly universal waste collection. Low-income countries collect about 48 percent of waste in cities, but this proportion drops drastically to 26 percent outside of urban areas. Across regions, Sub-Saharan Africa collects about 44 percent of waste while Europe and Central Asia and North America collect at least 90 percent of waste.

Waste collection rates, by income level (percent)

Waste collection rates, by income level (percent)
Waste composition differs across income levels, reflecting varied patterns of consumption. High-income countries generate relatively less food and green waste, at 32 percent of total waste, and generate more dry waste that could be recycled, including plastic, paper, cardboard, metal, and glass, which account for 51 percent of waste. Middle- and low-income countries generate 53 percent and 57 percent food and green waste, respectively, with the fraction of organic waste increasing as economic development levels decrease. In low-income countries, materials that could be recycled account for only 20 percent of the waste stream. Across regions, there is not much variety within waste streams beyond those aligned with income. All regions generate about 50 percent or more organic waste, on average, except for Europe and Central Asia and North America, [ANCHOR_COMES_HERE] – – which generate higher portions of dry waste.

Global waste composition (percent)

Global waste composition (percent)
It is a frequent misconception that technology is the solution to the problem of unmanaged and increasing waste. Technology is not a panacea and is usually only one factor to consider when managing solid waste. Countries that advance from open dumping and other rudimentary waste management methods are more likely to succeed when they select locally appropriate solutions. Globally, most waste is currently dumped or disposed of in some form of a landfill. Some 37 percent of waste is disposed of in some form of a landfill, 8 percent of which is disposed of in sanitary landfills with landfill gas collection systems. Open dumping accounts for about 31 percent of waste, 19 percent is recovered through recycling and composting, and 11 percent is incinerated for final disposal. Adequate waste disposal or treatment, such as controlled landfills or more stringently operated facilities, is almost exclusively the domain of high- and upper-middle-income countries. Lower-income countries generally rely on open dumping; 93 percent of waste is dumped in low-income countries and only 2 percent in high-income countries. Three regions openly dump more than half of their waste—the Middle East and North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, and South Asia. Upper-middle-income countries have the highest percentage of waste in landfills, at 54 percent. This rate decreases in high-income countries to 39 percent, with diversion of 36 percent of waste to recycling and composting and 22 percent to incineration. Incineration is used primarily in high-capacity, high-income, and land-constrained countries.

Global treatment and disposal of waste (percent)

Global treatment and disposal of waste (percent)
Based on the volume of waste generated, its composition, and how it is managed, it is estimated that 1.6 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) equivalent greenhouse gas emissions were generated from solid waste treatment and disposal in 2016, or 5 percent of global emissions. This is driven primarily by disposing of waste in open dumps and landfills without landfill gas collection systems. Food waste accounts for nearly 50% of emissions. Solid waste–related emissions are anticipated to increase to 2.38 billion tonnes of CO2-equivalent per year by 2050 if no improvements are made in the sector.

In most countries, solid waste management operations are typically a local responsibility, and nearly 70 percent of countries have established institutions with responsibility for policy development and regulatory oversight in the waste sector. About two-thirds of countries have created targeted legislation and regulations for solid waste management, though enforcement varies drastically. Direct central government involvement in waste service provision, other than regulatory oversight or fiscal transfers, is uncommon, with about 70 percent of waste services being overseen directly by local public entities. At least half of services, from primary waste collection through treatment and disposal, are operated by public entities and about one-third involve a public-private partnership. However, successful partnerships with the private sector for financing and operations tend to succeed only under certain conditions with appropriate incentive structures and enforcement mechanisms, and therefore they are not always the ideal solution.

Financing solid waste management systems is a significant challenge, even more so for ongoing operational costs than for capital investments, and operational costs need to be taken into account upfront. In high-income countries, operating costs for integrated waste management, including col-lection, transport, treatment, and disposal, generally exceed $100 per tonne. Lower-income countries spend less on waste operations in absolute terms, with costs of about $35 per tonne and sometimes higher, but these countries experience much more difficulty in recovering costs. Waste management is labor intensive and costs of transportation alone are in the range of $20–$50 per tonne. Cost recovery for waste services differs drastically across income levels. User fees range from an average of $35 per year in low-income countries to $170 per year in high-income countries, with full or nearly full cost recovery being largely limited to high-income countries. User fee models may be fixed or variable based on the type of user being billed. Typically, local governments cover about 50 percent of investment costs for waste systems, and the remainder comes mainly from national government subsidies and the private sector.

Poll: How Much Do You Earn From MANAGEMENT?

The modern business environment is very volatile and complex therefore demanding more attention and dedication from entrepreneurs and business executives. If business individuals lack the necessary management skills then their business efforts are most likely to fail because businesses demand that managers make the right decisions in order for them to survive in time of emergency and even in the normal course of business (Baruch, 2004, 114).

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The Next Generation Management module is a module that will enable those interested in management to understand how to manage not only their own business ventures and organizations and also impart sense of social responsibility through attending various lecture, workshops, seminars, and conferences around Dublin. Contemporary management of organizations is not simple and therefore this is why this module will concentrate ensuring that attendees gain skills on:

Personal and Career Development: Competence assessment, planning and development, which is important in ensuring that managers have the ability to attain skills that will assist them to have the necessary skills in both the short run and long run such skills include better decision making capability, better leadership ability, and in turn managers will be able to base their decisions on logic through critical thinking.

Furthermore managers who undergo personal development programs are able to portray self confidence communicate better and even end up being creative due to the flexible approach that they have to tackling organizational issues.

The Next Generation module will also help managers gain ability to appreciate the need of operating with a Global and a societal approach by attending lecturers from renown Nobel Laureate, Dr Chu the discussion made clear that the physical environment was part and parcel of the business environment and therefore needed to be taken care of because if it disintegrates that the economy and human economic activities will also fail.

Additionally, discussions from this part of the model enable students of management appreciate the role of creativity and innovation together with the important role which both agriculture, ethics and Greenpeace plays in the environment.

Research is a crucial part of Next Generation management module because research is able to assist managers gain the right information that will guide their decision making and logical thinking process. Discussions unveiled on the importance of carrying out systematic research and avoiding plagiarism because plagiarism can often affect the outcome of a research and compromise its quality.

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Research is an important part of today’s business environment and therefore it is important to gather and analyze data properly so that the information obtained can be considered useful and assist in decision making( Kourdi 2009, 114). The discussions on research did shed light on Digital media and communication which has become an integral part of organizational and inter-organizational communication.

Managers are therefore required to embrace the emerging communication trends that individuals in the business world are adopting today because they can determine whether an organization performs better or even fails. The acquisition of the right skill set and through continuous learning is crucial for those who intend to become good managers since it helps them realize and even surpass their potential.

With more high-tech devices, mobile technology and software it is necessary for managers to attend various seminars and tutorials and implement continuous learning techniques that will allow them to embrace the latest communication and software trends for the benefit of their organization especially when dealing with consumers (Solomon & Askegaard, 2002, p.44)

Overall Reflection
Managers in any functional area of an organization are expected to run organizations on behalf of the shareholders and produce the expected results it is therefore necessary that managers gather the necessary knowledge from various avenues in order for them to get the necessary skills to help them carry out their functions more successfully and efficiently.

The Next Generation Management gives managers the opportunity by which they can learn more and become better managers through attending a series lecture, workshops, seminars, mini-conferences that aim to encourage, the need to sustain personal development, social responsibility, research skills and communication skills which are an essential part of today’s organizations (Trott 2008, 78).

This module is therefore very important not only for businesses, organizations and managers as individuals but also can be influential in the country’s economy, which aims to increase the output of individuals who are directly linked to the economy of the country.

The economy and the business environment are subject to highly complex variables and all managers including marketing managers should be ready to solve business problems as they present themselves.

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It is therefore necessary for entrepreneurs and leaders to have the necessary management skills so that complex business situations can be solved and situations which often present themselves as problems can be turned into opportunities (Kourdi 2009, 4). By applying leadership skills organizational managers can come across as more effective and make better decisions because their analytical and logical skills can be easily improved as a result of attending discussions of this model.

This module furthermore insists on the importance and priority that should be attached to creativity and innovation at both the individual and society level. Many individuals who haven’t been exposed to teachings of this model may be tempted to ignore the importance of innovation in today’s society.

The Next Generation Management gives the learner the opportunity to expand their mindset to look at the business and economy as part of the globe and the entire global society and therefore initiate solutions that are not only solutions to the problems of the county of Ireland but are also a solution for the entire globe.

When managers operate with global approach they are most likely to make decisions that are more ethical and moral. Today’s business environment is full of scandals and irresponsibility and thus managers are required to put their foot down and make decisions that not only correlate to their interests but also to the interests of the community.

This module enables managers weigh benefits accrued in the short run and compare them to benefits that will be accrued in the long run and factor them in their decision making in order to increase positive outcome. Managers need to discover that business success doesn’t come easy and if they desire to be successful they are required to become very creative and innovative.

Creativity is becoming the backbone of the world’s greatest organizations and the largest economies. Managers are therefore required not only to use their abilities but also gather the views of various subordinates and together work towards developing creative approaches of doing business and reinventing the economy.

The Next Generation module also enabled us understand the importance of taking care of the environment and ensuring that the country remains agriculturally stable in order to ensure that the future of Ireland is secured because food stability is important to the economy of any country.

The destruction of the environment will therefore have a negative toll on the business environment and thus managers should not remain ignorant or arrogant to the environment hence they should struggle to maintain the environment one on one or through environmental organizations such as Greenspan.

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This module provided a platform which made it clear that research should take center stage in improving not only the economy but also businesses. Managers are supposed to carry out research more frequently and vigorously and information gathered from research should be clearly analyzed using packages such as SPSS can be used to assist in the process of decision making.

Managers usually require a lot of facts so that their ability to make carry out analysis and solve problems can be made easier. There are many dangers of plagiarizing work and therefore it is necessary for managers to carry out independent qualitative and quantitative research so that their research can unveil new findings that can help them and their organization carry out innovative changes.

It is thus necessary to use all research tools in order to ensure that the findings of research can turn out to be very useful even when presented to other peers and those who the information as useful. The Next Generation Management gave us the opportunity to appreciate the development in media and communication techniques that are used in today’s commercial environment.

Technological environment have led to many inventions which managers can use to carry out their functions more easily and companies can even collect data from their consumers more easily through socials sites and mobile applications and use this in shaping organizational strategy. Marketing managers for example, can improve on organizational marketing strategy and even increase organizational revenue streams by embracing the role played by technology in the media (Trott, 2008, 103-113).

The introduction of the internet in the business environment is very important to the managers since the managers can use internet search engines to maximize business opportunities for themselves and their organizations, and it is therefore necessary for managers to take technology serious because it is a key success ingredient in today’s business environment.

Enterprise Resource planning is an important part of today’s organizations because it assists organizations to minimize losses and wastage of resources and therefore organizations should also adopt technologies that will allow them to plan on how to optimize the use of their resources.

In conclusion the Next Generation Management module has opened my eyes to the world of strategic management practices, making it clear that success of today’s commercial enterprises depends on how well managers are able to make financial, marketing, human resource and other organizational decisions by adopting innovative techniques.

Personal & Career Development
Good management is necessary for the continued existence and success of commercial organizations; this is because commercial organization and even non commercial organizations usually find themselves in ambiguous situations that require managers to use their skills and talents to direct the organization out of dilemmas.

For managers to successfully plan, staff, control, organize and direct the organization it is necessary that these managers obtain the necessary set of skills that will proof usefully in ensuring that the day to day and long run operations of the organization are carried out smoothly.

Organizations are driven by strategic goals which are enshrined in the mission and vision of the company and it is therefore important to ensure that organizational staff and especially management have their talents and skills fully developed to competently deal with ambiguous situations (Baruch 2004, 44).

While an organizations mission is mostly a vehicle of taking the organization into the future it mainly operates with a short term day to day operation and the vision is usually long-term managers are therefore need to have their personal skills developed for them to make the necessary career decisions effectively.

Most of these skills were developed in a series of seminars and workshops that required managers to go out on their own talk. For example Deloitte conference, assess the value of an idea, CV writing workshop, Bobby Kerr-motivation, coaching speech, Paddy Power – motivation, coaching speech, Attendance of Chinese classes- for personal development, Be involved in tutoring of IT for elderly people, and Improving Yourself-esteem – seminar/workshop.

It is hence clear that managers require their organizations to put in place training and development schedules that will assist their managers require the necessary long-term and short-term skills to effectively carry out their organization responsibilities in today’s turbulent business environment. The following are the most important skills that those who were part of the management module were required to acquire.

The Next Generation Management module required that managers attend lectures, workshops, seminars, mini-conferences and individual development of personal development plan speeches Dublin. The following are some of the necessary shorter skills that managers were able to develop during this Next Generation Management module which were scheduled to take place in a timeframe of 12 months:

Self confidence
Managers are required to operate with a high level of confidence this is because other subordinates look up to them. Hence, if managers do not portray self confidence then subordinates may be forced to doubt his leadership and decision making abilities and this is will therefore affect the organization (Baruch, 2004, 32).

Managers are therefore required to dress, talk and even carry themselves in such a way that portrays that they are highly confident. Managers are required to have a positive image and positive thoughts of hope and possibility and transfer this to subordinates ands clients while interacting in the normal course of business.

Communication is a key part of business and is therefore vital that managers use communication techniques that will ensure all stakeholders are informed in the right time and the right information is given to them. Managers are therefore required to develop skills that will allow them to pass messages with the right tone, mimics, gestures and pronunciation (Corfield 2009, 5).

Managers are also required to have the appropriate presentation skills that will enable the managers carry out oral presentations with high effectiveness not only in official meetings but also social events.

The business environment is volatile and ever changing and it is therefore necessary that managers have the necessary skills that will allow them to be highly flexible especially when organizational changes take place.

Managers are therefore required to be highly radical and use environmental scanning techniques and create the necessary support systems that will enable the organization embrace change. Dynamic managers are more likely to create organizations that smoothly embrace strategic change that is necessary for better performance of the organization.

Creativity/Innovative thinking
It is often the task of managers to make sure that fresh ideas are consistently developed in commercial organizations. A dynamic environment requires new ideas frequently and thus managers are required to be trained to tap into their imagination in order to develop new ideas (Trott, 2008, p.7). Managers are thus encouraged to continuously research read and even attend seminars that will develop their innovative skills.

Self Management
Manager are required to have the necessary skills to prioritize and efficiently allocate resources where they are needed and therefore they need to develop their self management skills. Managers are required to plan in advance and schedule activities within a timeframe and see to it that these events occur as planned.

The Next Generation Management module which was scheduled took place in a timeframe of 12 months also ensured that manager’s personal and career development assisted manager’s gain the following skills.

Managers are supposed to be leaders and be able to influence the behavior of individuals and inspire them to follow the strategic goals of an organization in order to achieve the mission and vision. Managers with up to date leadership skills are able to set goals prioritize and also operate with well defined action plans.

Leaders set an image for the organization and trend for subordinates by ensuring that they have a positive attitude, properly research and have the knowledge and assist subordinates to grasp the fact and process, and this was the aim of the Next Generation Management module.

Managers are required to have the ability to bring subordinates’ together and build relationships through cooperation and mutual respect for the benefit of the organization (Whetton & Camerson 2007, 88). Managers are able to do this by constantly attending seminars, tutorials and social events in order to gain team building skills.

Decision making
Managers are often required to make quick decisions when need arises and hence it in good that managers have the ability to analyze situations with wisdom and make acceptable justifiable solutions that are backed by fact and reason (Beeson 2009, 54). Managers build such capacity through tutorials, seminars and focus on continuous research.

Analytical and Problem solving techniques
Manages are required to use logic and reason in order to ensure that they can effectively resolve difficult matters that are problematic. It is thus very important that managers develop the right potential to handle problematic situations and emerge out of them by using logic and facts to solve problems (Whetton & Camerson, 2007, p.18). Managers are able to acquire this skill through continuous learning and research, concentration and also by attending the right seminars and tutorials.

Global and Societal Awareness
Nobel Laureate Lecture
The Next Generation Management module demanded that we attend seminars and tutorials to assist us as students of contemporary management to get an in-depth experience of why it is necessary for manager’s, businessmen and entrepreneurs to have societal awareness while carrying out their duties.

In one of our lectures at a seminar, the Nobel Laureate Dr Chu and other numerous speakers made it clear that it is important for students of business to know that business activities are usually accompanied by physical impact, because business activities usually depend a lot on the environment for most of its activities to be successful.

Dr Chu made it clear that the operations of businesses and commercial enterprises normally cause climate and environmental changes. He furthermore made it clear that the issue of energy has caused big debate and it is now the high time that researchers encourage industries to use renewable energy sources and re-evaluate energy policies so as to save the planet from further depletion.

The speaker insisted that the downturn and destruction of the environment would most likely lead to the demise of the economy and it is thus necessary to nature the environment and replenish it using technologies that will transform the environment in order for human economic activities to take place.

University of Enterprise: Delivering Ireland’s Next Class of Successful Entrepreneurs.
The future of the economy and of the corporate world definitely depends on how well today’s young entrepreneurs are natured and brought up in order for them to become the best business elite in the future. Modern entrepreneurs are therefore required to be shaped in order for them to become highly dynamic and environmentally conscious.

If the upcoming entrepreneurs are arrogant and ignore the important role the environment plays making their ventures a success then there will be faced with an economic downturn thus entrepreneurs should operate with practices which do not pollute or degrade the environment.

It is thus necessary to prepare entrepreneurs so that they can acquire the necessary knowledge and also have the ability to apply it in the real world (Trott, 2008, p.33). Lectures at the workshop also made it clear those entrepreneurs who continuously learn and take education serious are more likely succeed.

The Long Debate (Inventorium)
This discussion made it clear Creativity and imagination is a key cornerstone of today’s turbulent business environment laying emphasis that the greatest organizations are continuously searching for new creative avenues of doing business and therefore this is why they excel as compared to their counterparts (Trott, 2008, p.16).

The lecturers made it clear that an economy which considers itself as superior and smart must continuously apply more effort towards ensuring that their greatest minds are always working on the next big thing. Ireland is a country of vision and thus has put its best minds towards bringing innovative practices into the country’s economy.

Additionally it is also important for the entire society to create mechanisms for sustaining development but at the same time self-development should not be ignored because it is important to the success of entrepreneurs and organizations. The speaker insisted that if one is expected to be outstanding, it is a must that he/she operates with a mentality that will give his or her venture the stability to be highly creative so that he can use novellus ideas to outshine other competitors.

Climate Change and agriculture
The discussion centered on the importance of agriculture on the economy keeping in mind that one of the most important elements of an economy is the ability of a country to have enough food to feeds it citizens in order for it to move towards industrialization. The current global economy is growing at a faster pace and the environment is becoming depleted due to the careless nature of corporations therefore threatening agricultural activities.

The discussion also revealed that the effects of pollution and deforestation are having a negative effect on the temperatures, rainfall and the quality of the soil therefore having a negative impact on agriculture. If the current trend continues together with effects of population explosion then it is more likely that the global economy and entrepreneurial efforts will also be affected and therefore innovative methods like green houses must be introduced in order to increase food production.

Personal Ethics
The discussion made it clear that ethics provide a basis by which individuals are able to determine what is right or wrong. Ethics are governed by moral values and what may be morally ethical in Ireland may not be necessarily ethical in any other part of the world.

The discussion further revealed that what is lawful is not necessarily ethical and that individuals are normally torn between loyalty and the truth or even sometimes on maters to do with personal interest verses community interest therefore affecting their decisions. It is therefore true to conclude ethics is strictly personal and thus individuals must evaluate the possible consequences of their actions/decisions and if the results are have more harm that good to the society abandon them.

The business environment is for example involved with decisions that aim to increase benefit of the organization but it is necessary that managers and entrepreneurs apply ethical principles while making business decisions. Managers and entrepreneurs’ should apply wisdom and not only look at a short-term view but also take a long-term approach while making business decisions.

This discussion was based around the numerous numbers of non governmental organizations that have dedicated their efforts towards restoring the sanctity of the environment that has come about as the result of human activity. The discussion revealed that Greenpeace is a non governmental organization that funds its activities using donations, the organization aims to restore flora and fauna and make earth a better place by reducing environment destruction.

Entrepreneurs and business executives are aware of the toll that their business activities have on the environment and therefore it is important for them to use their corporate social responsibility arm by donating and funding activities of such bodies with the aim of having the environment restored.

The advantage of having such organizations around is that these organizations promote responsible behavior by adjusting the attitudes of human beings who are responsible of exploiting natural resources. The organization has hence achieved a lot through its operations which spread in over 40 countries in the world, making it a very important part of the global society.

Research skills are important for today’s managers, the business environment is highly volatile and organizations are faced with problems and thereby managers and employees need to have the ability to carry out research in order to assist management to make important decisions based on factual findings (McGivern, 2006, p123).

It is thus necessary for individuals to adhere to ethics and ensure that any research that they carry out is not plagiarized. Every research is unique in its own way and it is hence necessary to carry out research diligently and base the findings and recommendations based on the findings of the research (Hogan, Dolan, & Donnellly, 2009, p.16).

Discussions in the Next Generation Management module made it clear that if a researcher carries out research and for what ever reasons decides to replicate findings by borrowing from the works of another researcher it will be necessary that the researcher acknowledge all sources where he/she borrowed from.

Plagiarism is not only illegal but it can also be misleading in some instances and thereby compromise any strategic decisions that managers make especially in commercial organizations. It is therefore necessary for researchers to be highly disciplined and carry out their literature review properly by consulting and acknowledging the various sources of their information.

Once researcher has gathered the necessary data it then becomes their responsibility to interpret and arrange the data in such a way that it will serve the main objective of their research. The researcher must find the most suitable way to analyze their data so that it can make sense to the audience which it was intended for (Kourdi, 2009, p.38).

Many researchers conduct their research so that they can provide useful information that can be used by not only other peers but also by those in the business environment in order to assist managers in their decision making process. This is therefore the main reason which always drives researchers to carry out research in order to have them published and reviewed by their peers.

When a particular writer’s research is highly appreciated and commended by peers then a researcher feels a sense of pride and therefore will continue to expound on his research by carrying out other works. Strategic decisions especially branding and product decisions made by marketing managers are not guess work but rather they are based on academic foundations that are normally obtained from various peer reviews and published sources.

If this published work and peer reviews were absent then it would make it hard to know which research findings were more correct and therefore justifiable, this fact would make it quite hard for business managers to carry out decision making because they would simply doubt the facts that were presented in front of them. Peer review enables various researches which are published undergo vigorous scrutiny and therefore ascertain the validity of their contributing to the various disciplines they claim to have authority over.

SPSS is a software package that enables individuals carrying out research quantify their findings and make the most suitable conclusions hence, making useful information out of the data (Burrell, and Morgan, 1979, p.13) The discussion of the Next Generation Management module made it clear that this software is very important in the field of social sciences.

When researchers want to carry out social researches and even analyze demographic data this package becomes a very important part of their research due to its ability to accept quantitative data and summarize it in the form of graphs, pie charts and even pictographs (McGivern, 2006, p 43).

Marketing activities of such organizations usually require a lot of research that requires demographic analysis and thus manager’s end up using this package to make the necessary deductions that are crucial in formulating marketing strategy (Burrell, & Morgan,1979, p.98).

It thus becomes clear that in the absence of this package then managers would be subjected to a more tiresome ways of analyzing data that is collected using questionnaires. It is thus necessary for managers who intend to become good researchers to quickly learn and frequently use this package in order to have more factual information that is good for decision making within the organization.

The Next Generation Module discussion also made it clear that the research process can only be successful if the right techniques are used by managers to construct the moist appropriate questionnaires. Faulty questionnaires will most likely compromise the entire research process and it is therefore important for a manager/researcher to clearly define the purpose of his research and thus generate questionnaire questions that are specific and appropriate for the research at hand (Burns & Burns, 2008,p.63-67).

If the questionnaire is compromised then the findings will most likely also be compromised and such events will in turn the decisions which managers make in the long run. Dublin buss is able to accurately construct its questionnaires in order to gather satisfaction data from its customers and use this information to justify any strategic changes (Solomon & Askegaard, 2002, p.17).

Digital Skills, Media & Communication
The need for individuals within the business community and the economy to communicate is very important and plays a big role in determining the success or failure of the organizations which they run, it thus has become very necessary that individuals within the business industry to dedicate resources and adopt the use of web technologies such as CSS3 & HTML5 in order to maximize the potential of their business ventures.

Web technologies are thus very essential because they enable companies and organizations develop websites that are a very important part of communication and business considering the web is sometimes necessary for financial transactions and exchange of goods and services to occur (Hoffman & Novak, 2000).

Managers within functional areas of I.T and marketing should make sure that the individuals who are responsible for using web technologies have the necessary programming skills that enable them program and develop websites efficiently by getting rid of redundant coding technologies.

The Discussion by Mike Schroepfer, Facebook VP of engineering, enabled the participants understand that computer science developments play a very big role towards defining the level of innovation among many industries and especially businesses.

Computer science enables managers develop the necessary innovations that are necessary in project management and also plays a big role towards ensuring that people around the world are connected to each other therefore enabling a lot of opportunities to be realized (Payne & Peck, 2003, p.87).

Business managers and marketers especially should ensure while using such technologies that the parameters are customized in such a way that the end consumers find it suitable for their use. As much as individuals usually resist change, it is the duty of managers to work hand in hand with the society to help them embrace change that will result to more positive outcome.

As much as consumers and majority of businesses are embracing the digital age that has most of its activities going on over the internet, managers are thus expected to have the necessary minimum skills that will enable them embrace the digital world that has become inseparable for businesses ( Kourdi, 2009. P.188-190). Majority of business activities and especially marketing activities have forced marketing managers to formulate digital strategies that will enable them carry their business activities on the net.

Web 2.0 technologies has taken the concept of social marketing to another height thereby pushing a lot of consumer traffic to the net and therefore companies are even distributing, promoting and marketing their products using viral marketing techniques. Blogging sites have now become a part of the social revolution on the internet thus demanding managers to develop strategies that will enable their products and brands gain good images and ratings in the social media of the internet.

A while back, mobile phones were just used for communication by marketers and managers, thanks to the numerous mobile phone applications that run on smartphones such as IPhone and Android enabled hand sets consumers have a direct link to the worldwide web and business products just on the click of a button.

With these facts unveiled managers are supposed to get rid of mobile any obstacles that hinder the enhancement of doing business between organizations by developing programs and applications that will make it easy and more convenient for consumers to conduct business with their mobiles. Numerous businesses around the world are increasing their business potential and realizing many revenue streams as a result of embracing and integrating the use of mobile applications into their business models.

Search optimization technology is very important as far as using web applications is concerned and a company’s website may simply have low traffic and low transactions if the wrong approach was used by developers and I.T specialists in order to set up a website (Windham, 2001, p.145).

Website developers thus have no option but to work hand in hand with all functional managers in order to ensure that the right key words are used while developing websites so that when consumers/clientele go online their websites are more likely to have more chances of being accessed by consumers who wish to purchase products or access company information.

I.T department plays a very big role in ensuring that organizations communicate with the entire world and it is therefore up to them to adopt the latest technologies such as cloud computing technology in order to take their organizations into the next level and make it more easier for customers to use the web to interact with the organization (Hoffman & Novak, 2000).

If organizations fail to use technology to store appropriate consumers data and manage organizational resources then it will become hard for this organizations to maximize their business opportunities. As technologies become obsolete and as new technologies become more usable the I.T experts are required to ensure that the transition between technologies is smooth and doesn’t affect the organization negatively.

Software used within organizations is used in order to help organizations manage resources and run operations with a high degree of efficiency. Many organizations are adopting the use of Enterprise Resource Planning Technology with the aim that the software will assist the organization through its managers prevent the wastage of resource through optimizing the use of resources within the organization.

The introduction of such software enables organization plan its sales and revenue streams at a high and also reduce any unnecessary cost thereby saving organizations from unnecessary loses.

The role of software in business cannot be ignored and if the level of software innovation within Ireland decreases, so will the performance of organization and the economy.

It is thus necessary for stakeholders to invest in the future of the Irish software industry and ensure that innovation is sustained because if they fail to do this then the growth of the Irish economy and other related industries will also be compromised.

The development of new software is vital towards sustain sales and competitive intelligence of many industries and thus continuous and consistent research should be carried out in order to make sure the Irish software industry stays ahead within the markets needs.

How to Make Money Online: Real Ways

1. Start drop shipping

Let’s begin with one of the most popular online money-making methods. Dropshipping’s popularity best-romantic-vacations is on the rise, according to Google Trends, demonstrating its viability as a business concept. There’s plenty of proof that dropshipping is a legitimate way to make money online, with success stories like one entrepreneur who made $6,667 in eight weeks and another who made six figures selling just one product.

If you’re unfamiliar with the term “dropshipping,” it refers to a business model in which you sell a product to a customer, but the supplier stores, packages, and ships the product on your behalf. With Shopify dropshipping, you can choose from millions of products to sell on your website. Some Shopify dropshipping apps allow you to hand-pick product photos, change emovereasy item descriptions, and personalise your business so that customers like buying with you.

2. Try print on demand

Another popular way to make money online is through print on demand (POD). Because it has lesser overhead than other enterprises, many people have adopted this business strategy.

Print on demand is similar to dropshipping in that you don’t have to keep inventory or ship things out to clients. However, there are two minor distinctions. To begin, you can create your own personalised products, which is excellent for establishing brand recognition. Second, rather than having to choose unarespuesta from a large number of categories, you can select specific products. T-shirts, mugs, and tote bags are among the products available from most print-on-demand providers.

3. Make money with affiliate marketing

One of the most common ways to generate money online is through affiliate marketing. Its popularity has fluctuated throughout the years, but it remains a reliable way to earn money on the internet. The best aspect about affiliate marketing is that you may collaborate with a wide selection of firms, such as Shopify, Amazon, Uber, and FabFitFun.

Affiliate marketing allows you to make money by promoting other people’s products. You can earn a commission airportshuttleservices from sales by marketing retail products, software, apps, and more if you’re a skilled marketer. While a little commission may appear insignificant, remember that you may be an affiliate for multiple brands and include multiple affiliate links in a single blog post.

4. Start a YouTube channel

You can make money via YouTube if others can. Jimmy Donaldson (a.k.a. MrBeast), who uploads odd stunts on his YouTube channel and earned $54 million in 2021, is the highest-paid YouTuber. Jake Paul, who has made $45 million on YouTube by releasing high-energy prank films and boxing content, is another high earner. His YouTube (and boxing) celebrity enabled him to leverage his clout to generate money online in addition to his YouTube profits.

To create a strong, dedicated audience prepaidify, your YouTube channel should focus on a specific niche. You could, for example, make cosmetic lessons, broadcast video games, review items, teach skills, make spoof films, or anything else you believe will appeal to a large audience.

5. Become an influence

Making money online can also be aided by developing a personal brand. Did you know that a sponsored Instagram post by soccer star Cristiano Ronaldo costs between $880,259 and $1 million on average? While reality stars, singers, and athletes may appear to be the most powerful influencers, keep in mind that even small-scale influencers can now earn more money than they could a few years ago.

To become an influencer, you must first amass a sizable following. What are the best platforms to start with? Instagram and TikTok are two of the most popular social media platforms. These sites are where many of the biggest non-celebrity influencers get their first taste of fame. If you want to grow your Instagram audience, you should look into ways to obtain more Instagram followers.

6. Create an online course

One of the finest methods to make money online is to sell courses. You can monetise your knowledge by establishing online courses if you’re an expert on a subject. You can sell your course on Udemy or through your own website if you already have a following. With online courses, some entrepreneurs can earn up to $5,000 per month.

Take inspiration from famous courses in your niche to develop a popular and successful course. Then have a look at the feedback. What are the features that people admire, and what are the features that people despise? What makes you think you can make something better than what has already been made? Concentrate on developing content that addresses the most common complaints while also emulating the positive features that people adore.

7. Publish an ebook

It’s never been easier to publish an ebook with Amazon Kindle Direct Publishing. You only have to write the book, format it, design an ebook cover, publish it, and promote it. In 2013, I published numerous ebooks on Amazon, and while they didn’t make me wealthy, they did help me supplement my income.

You can engage a writer for your ebook, a graphic designer for the cover, and a document editor to ensure that the content is free of faults. Focus your study on terms based on Amazon’s most popular searches. I frequently employ the Keyword Tool, which enables you to discover the terms people use when searching so that you can tailor your title to them.

8. Start a blog

Blogging is one of the most well-known ways to earn money online. People who enjoy writing start blogs with a specific niche in mind. A blog about procrastination, cars, dropshipping, toys, and so on, for example, has a narrow enough focus to build a loyal following while also being broad enough to cover a lot of ground.

You can start a blog on various platforms, from Shopify (remove the checkout feature, so you don’t have to pay a subscription as you build it out) to WordPress. Emphasis on extremely precise keywords with a tight focus when you first start your blog, and as you grow and dominate new spaces, extend into other but still related categories.

9. Consider freelancing

The simplest method to generate money online is to take your present 9-to-5 job and work it from home. If you’re a writer, administrative assistant, graphic designer, teacher, developer, or other professional, you may promote your skills and find clients eager to pay you to use them online.

For each type of freelancer, there is a never-ending list of job platforms. Freelancer writers, for example, can apply for employment on specialist online writing job boards as well as on general freelancing websites such as Fiverr, Freelancer, Upwork, and others. If your skills aren’t directly applicable to earning money, you can try monetizing other transferable skills you may have.


Amazing Tips For a No-Stress Wedding

Your wedding is one of the main days of your life. We as a whole realize that most young ladies long for their important day and when they’ll get to hold hands with the ones they love. Most young men discuss being family men and offering a magnificent life to their cherished. Everything begins with the big day. Obviously, when we grow up we understand that the dream wedding requires a great deal of work for it to turn out to be genuine.

Weddings might be perhaps the main days in our day to day existence, but on the other hand they’re quite possibly the most unpleasant one. The groundwork for your big day begins as much as a year prior to the genuine day just to guarantee that everything goes without a hitch. All things considered, this is a tremendous function and party we’re discussing. As it’s likewise an emblematic and significant occasion, it requires considerably more work to make everything great.

With such countless activities thus many individuals to organize, is trying not to marry pressure even conceivable? Fortunately, it is. Your wedding dream doesn’t need to transform into a bad dream since you understand there are such a large number of things to deal with before the genuine function. Everything can go without a hitch on the off chance that you follow these tips.

1.Set yourself up intellectually

Truly, it is beyond the realm of possibilities to expect to stay away from the entirety of the pressure. Regardless of how well you get ready and what you do, there’s continuously going to be something to worry you on your big day. You’re the host, and not the visitor, and that implies that you’ll continuously find something that you know ought to have been unique. Obviously, this doesn’t mean you ought to quit attempting completely. All things being equal, simply ensure you set yourself up intellectually for everything that could turn out badly.

It’s extremely difficult to relinquish something vital to you and that is totally ordinary. What you need to understand, however, is that this wedding will gobble you up in the event that you don’t acknowledge that there’s a genuine opportunity it will be not exactly great. This doesn’t mean you did anything off-base or that you fizzled, only that life and conditions are capricious.

You ought to stroll into the wedding with low assumptions and essentially anticipate that everything should be ablaze. This viewpoint will assist you with seeing that things aren’t excessively awful and will encourage you when you see things going the correct way. The enormous things are those that matter, not the subtleties. No one cares the blossoms are some unacceptable shade of pink since no one realizes the shade should be everything except that. Significantly, the blossoms are there and that they look great in any case. Focusing on yourself over things like this won’t generally help anybody definitely, in particular you.

2.Set a timetable

At the point when the delight of getting drawn in washes over, you’re left with the wide range of various overpowering things you should do. From picking the blossoms to picking the dress to taking special care of the setting, it appears to be the rundown simply continues forever. All of this can cause a great deal of pressure and tension as it appears you won’t ever wrap up getting sorted out the wedding.

To assist with easing pressure in this present circumstance, you ought to make a timetable with your life partner. The point is to have everything recorded with estimated dates of when you should be finishing these responsibilities. This keeps you on top of your wedding association yet additionally keeps the timetable adaptable. You need to comprehend that not all things will work out as expected, which is the reason the arrangement ought not be excessively unambiguous. Any other way, you’re about to make things harder on yourself when you understand you’re behind on your planned dates.

The timetable ought to simply be a draft of the things that should be finished. As nobody can foresee the future, you have no clue on the off chance that the timetable will really be as per genuine conditions. This is more than OK it’s not unexpected and anticipated. At the point when you acknowledge that reality, things will run considerably more easily and without stress to dial you back.

3.Book magnificence arrangements ahead of time

Perhaps the greatest slip-up ladies make isn’t reserving the excellence arrangements before the big day. Just before the wedding isn’t the point at which you ought to explore different avenues regarding your hair and cosmetics. Imagine a scenario in which you could do without it. Imagine a scenario in which it just looked such a great deal better in your mind. The most awful part is that you’ll constantly have wedding photographs to help you to remember your mix-up.

To keep away from this possible calamity, you ought to just book the magnificence arrangement a long time before the wedding. Find the beautician and cosmetics craftsman that you like, converse with them about what sort of cosmetics and hair styling you were thinking about for the wedding, and ask them when you can give it a shot.

This offers you the chance to commit an error. On the off chance that what you imagined for your hair and cosmetics doesn’t look the manner in which you figured it would, you don’t need to pressure. All things considered, there’s still a lot of time until the wedding, so there’s a great deal of time to figure something different out. You could ask your beautician for exhortation, as they have significantly more involvement with the field and will actually want to suggest the right hair and cosmetics for you.

Then, at that point, you should rest assured that you’ll look totally beautiful at your big day and can happen with getting sorted out different parts of the wedding. Try to book your real arrangement ahead of time so you don’t gamble there not being any room on the date of your wedding.

4.Have the food prepared for you

Investing such a lot of energy ensuring everything is wonderful frequently implies that the lady and lucky man are simply welcoming visitors, taking photographs, and pursuing down team of waiters. When you plunk down to eat, the tables have proactively been cleared, and you’re left starving and tired on your own big day. Why bother with selecting astounding food in the event that you’re not in any event, going to be able to taste it. In addition to the fact that this is undesirable, it’s very unpleasant and baffling.

For this reason you ought to prepare sure that the food is for you. Prior to the service, have the staff set up your food first. Let them know it ought to be hanging tight for you toward the start of the service for example when you enter the setting. Along these lines, you’ll get to nibble on the food while you make adjusts and take photographs.

A full stomach is a blissful belly, and that implies you’ll be fairly cheerful as well. The entire world is by all accounts a lot harder to manage while starving. With this basic stunt, there’s definitely no requirement for you to stress and stress over getting food when there’s such a huge amount to do at the genuine service.

5.Settle on things together

Generally, it appears to be that main the lady of the hour figured the idea of the wedding out. It’s generally acknowledged that the man of the hour is simply expected to appear. This is her important day, her fantasy wedding, her blossoms, her dress, her cake… People appear to fail to remember that the lady isn’t wedding herself. Really that well, this puts all the strain and weight on the lady to make everything great. Coordinating a soiree at home without help from anyone else is distressing, so envision what it seems like to sort out an entire wedding?

Your life partner is the man you will use whatever is left of your existence with. You will share the great and the terrible together and figure out the contrivances of life collectively. For what reason should that beginning after you trade your promises? An image of areas of strength for a sound relationship is on the off chance that you handle things together even before really getting hitched.

That is the reason it’s vital to arrange everything together. Your life partner should have a few wishes and thoughts regarding the wedding, as well. This is his large as well as yours, and remembering him for the arranging will just make things more straightforward for both of you.

Eventually, while you’re partaking in the function with your loved ones, you’ll realize that this enchanted day was genuinely the result of both of your persistent effort and commitment.

6.Settling the cash issues

Regardless of how rich you are, the normal issue of all weddings is the cash. This is on the grounds that realizing your fantasies and having the wedding you imagined basically ends up being excessively costly. Quarreling and worrying about cash is normal to all drew in couples. Some beginning saving early and others are adequately fortunate to have their folks paid for them. In any case, neither of these choices are enough more often than not. Individuals just aren’t super wealthy, which is certainly going to cause issues and weight on your big day. You can undoubtedly fix this by applying for low-interest wedding credits. There are organizations all around the world that offer these and permit you to toss your fantasy wedding without agonizing over the expense.

Then, at that point, you’ll have additional opportunity to pay for your wedding and you won’t be under such a lot of pressure to have everything prepared by the set date. All things considered, you’ll embellish all that with style, pick the ideal setting, pick the ideal dress, and even have cash for the most delectable food.

7.Allow your family to deal with you

One of the most unpleasant pieces of any wedding are family members. They’re so energized and glad for you, yet they simply continue to make things harder. No one needs their annoying family members to courage in the association of the wedding, however it simply appears to be unavoidable. Unexpectedly it seems like this is everything except your extraordinary day and the disappointment continues to develop. This can bring about unfortunate family connections and disappointment all around.

You need to comprehend that your family is doing all of this out of a position of affection. This doesn’t make their activities substantial, yet it assists you with figuring out that no one’s against you. You’re all on a similar side and all need to have the most potential otherworldly day.


Healthy Habits People Should Teach Their Kids

From birth to adulthood, kids rely upon their folks. It is the job of guardians to foster areas of strength for a, autonomous individual out of their young and unpracticed kid. That is the reason it’s critical to know about all that you accomplish for and before your young people. As a good example, it’s your commitment to give these solid propensities to your kids.

Get Enough Sleep

Rest is pivotal for youngsters’ development and improvement. Children of preschool age need over 10 hours of rest, while kids matured 7 to 18 actually need no less than 8 hours. Sleep time is additionally significant. It’s ideal to hit the sack early, whenever from 7 to 9 p.m. Kids who get sufficient rest are intellectually sharp, actually impressive, and more dynamic over the course of the day. They will be prepared to handle each challenge that they face in kindergarten or school. Obviously, grown-ups who stay with a comparative rest system are additionally more useful and better. That is the reason the entire family profits by great resting propensities. Also, kids need rests and time to rest during the day. It’s reviving and makes them less grouchy.

Pick Healthy Food

One more undeniable piece of children’s advancement is a legitimate eating routine. Eating good food sources plentiful in supplements, nutrients, and minerals is agreeable for each kid, when they become accustomed to it. Show them the significance of picking new natural products, vegetables, lean cuts of meat, and dairy items over confections and soft drinks. Consuming an excess of sugar will possibly prompt teeth rot, weight, unfortunate insusceptible framework, or even diabetes. This diet concerns you as well, as a parent. Children will be bound to stay with an eating routine of the entire family has something similar for breakfast, lunch, or supper. Remember to clarify for them the significance of drinking sufficient water consistently, as well. Likewise keep away from cigarettes and liquor, before your children. Try not to allow them to imagine that it’s innocuous or even important to drink or smoke as a grown-up.

Keep up with Proper Hygiene

It’s simple for a small kid to disregard appropriate cleanliness. They need to know how to appropriately clean up in the wake of utilizing the latrine, eating, playing outside, and so on. Palms, back of the hands, fingers, spaces among fingers and under fingernails should be cleaned completely. Remind them consistently until they begin recalling that it themselves. Besides, assist them with making a propensity for cleaning their teeth somewhere around two times per day. Show them the legitimate procedure for doing as such. Clean the sides of lower teeth in the vertical heading, and upper teeth in the descending course. Brush the biting surfaces of the teeth and floss toward the end. Take your children to ordinary check-ups at Terrigal Dental or other master dental specialists in your neighborhood.

Play And Learn

Active work is essentially as significant as anything on this rundown. Kids are regularly exceptionally inquisitive about their environmental elements. Allow them to investigate the close essentially and play with their friends. Invest however much energy outside with them as could reasonably be expected. Take strolls, bicycle rides, or play a few games. They will have better dexterity, more energy, and will be better generally speaking subsequent to practicing in the sun and outside air. At the point when they are mature enough, sign them up for a game like football, b-ball, or volleyball. Ensure that they likewise get quality recess when at home. Playing with Legos, settling riddles and building model units invigorates mental health. At long last, commit a leisure time to perusing. Peruse sleep time stories and interesting books to them until they are mature enough to understand themselves. Ideally, children will experience passionate feelings for perusing and make a propensity that will later impact their lives by getting them advanced education.

Construct Healthy Relationships

As you bond by playing together, discussing significant things in life is additionally significant. Make sense of for them how to perceive positive or negative way of behaving, and why it’s vital to coexist with friends and adults. Important examples about kinships, sharing, and other social elements don’t work out easily, they must be learned. Show them decent habits and how to be well mannered. In a perfect world, you have proactively carried out the examples you teach in your own life. That way you can lead with your model, as guardians are the most powerful individuals in a youngster’s life.

Think about your nurturing strategies and attempt to carry out each suggestion recorded in this article. When your youngster turns into an adult individual that carries on with a satisfying and sound life, you will realize you prevailed as a parent.